Swamps In Western Africa
Here in Louisiana we know swamps. As a matter of fact, the the Atchafalaya Basin, which is a combination of wetlands and river delta areas where the Atchafalaya River and the Gulf of Mexico converge, is the nation’s largest river swamp, containing about one million acres of the nation’s most significant bottomland hardwoods, swamps, bayous and backwater lakes. But did you know that the Federal Republic of Nigeria in western Africa is home to mangrove swamps?
Nigeria: Mangrove Swamps
Mangrove swamps in Nigeria are located along the entire coastline, where you will find a lot of rainfall and very humid conditions. The largest mangrove swamp is located in the Niger Delta between the region of the Benin River in the west and the Calabar, Rio del Rey estuary in the east. There are two large lagoons, Lagos and Lekki, in the coastal systems in the west of the country, according to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Both are bordered by mangroves, which are backed by swamp forests. In the far east of the country there is another major delta by the Cross River which also has a big area of mangroves. Locals mainly fish in the mangrove areas, according to the U.N.. The organization says that pollution from the oil industry and wood exploitation are the biggest threats to the mangroves in Nigeria. The oil and gas industry is mainly spread throughout the central and western parts of the Niger Delta.